Table of Contents for the Series:

Lesson I  covers the anchor and fish as symbols, as well as persecution under the Roman Empire.

Lesson II  will cover the conversion of Constantine, the Chi-Rho, IC XC Nika, and the artwork of Rubens about Constantine.

Lesson III will address the gradual adoption of crosses and cruciform imagery.

Lesson IV will discuss Renaissance art and crucifixes, as well as teaching a method to "decode" crucifix paintings.

If you enjoy these lessons, or would like to see lessons on another topic appear on the website, be sure to let me know!

​Related Pages:

Though we consider the cross to be a universally accepted symbol of Christianity, it's history is far more complicated that that.  

It took many years for Christians to adopt the cross as a symbol of their faith, and even longer to for the crucifix to gain widespread use.

Quick Notes on Crosses and Crucifixes

Crosses and Crucifixes: 312-1290

This video is a lesson on Christian Symbolism delivered at the Presbyterian Church of Sewickley.  Using ancient history, archaeology, theology and art, this presentation explores the gradual adoption of crosses and crucifixes between the years 312 and 1290.  


- Rev. Derek R. Davenport